Friday, February 12, 2016

Did Jesus die for the sins of mankind? Was Jesus crucified?

4:157 And for their saying, "Indeed, we have killed the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah." And they did not kill him nor did they crucify him; but it was made to appear so to them. And indeed, those who differ in it are surely in doubt about it. They have no knowledge of it except the following of assumption. And certainly they did not kill him. … 4:159 And there is none from the People of the Book but must believe in it/him before his death. And on the Day of Resurrection he will be a witness against them.

(According to the article titled “Barabbas” in wikipedia, the Aramaic name “Barabbas” literally means “son of the father”. Ancient manuscripts of Matthew 27:16-17 have the name “Jesus Barabbas”, not just “Barabbas” (see the translations that are more faithful to the oldest sources: “New International Version” or “Contemporary English Version”, or “Good News Translation”, or “Net Bible”); so “Jesus Barabbas” is the original name. According to the Bible, Pilate, the governor of Judea, asked the crowd which prisoner was to be released “Jesus son of the father (aka “Jesus Barabbas”), or Jesus who is called the Messiah?” (Matthew 27:17). So, the conclusion is that the Gospel explicitly says that there were two characters bearing the same name (Jesus). It seems that Christians mixed stories of the two characters in the New Testament; Jesus Barabbas blasphemed by saying and bearing such a name “the son of father” (referring to God), while Jesus the Messiah never claimed to be the son of God, because the words “Barabbas / son of the father” and “Messiah / son of Mary” are used to distinguish one Jesus from the other. The title “son of Mary” and the virginity of Mary imply that Jesus had no father)(According to the historian Max Dimont, the story of Barabbas as related in the gospels lacks credibility, because Pontius Pilate could have not released a prisoner condemned to death for insurrection against the Roman Empire. A Roman governor who had done that could have faced execution himself, so he might have condemned Jesus son of the father (aka Jesus Barabbas), and released Jesus the Messiah)(According to John 19:38, only one person, Joseph of Arimathea, came and took the body away. Verse 4:157 says, “it was made to appear so to them”. “Them” refers to the Jews, because Jesus was only sent to the Children of Israel, so Jesus was the one to be saved, not mankind)(Allah knows best)

37:139 And indeed, Jonah was surely of the Messengers. … 37:142 Then the fish swallowed him, while he was blameworthy.

(Some Christians say that the denial of the crucifixion is satanic, because, according to Matthew 16:21, when Jesus said that “he must be killed and on the third day be raised to life”, then Peter said that “this shall never happen to you” (Matthew 16:22), then Jesus said to Peter “get away from me, Satan” (Matthew 16:23). But some Muslims say that the sign of Jonah in Matthew 12:38-41 confirms that Jesus did not die on the cross, because Jonah was alive in the belly of the fish for three days and three nights, so Jesus was also “alive” for three days and three nights (Matthew 12:40); and Matthew 12:39 says that it is the “only sign”, so, any other information contradicting it (e.g. Matthew 16:23) would be irrelevant. Other verses oppose crucifixion: Luke 22:42 says “take this cup from me”, so, according to Luke, Jesus wanted other than what God wanted (before “they arrested him” (Luke 22:54)); and according to 1 Peter 2:24, Peter believed in the crucifixion, while in Matthew 16:23 Peter is called Satan; could then Peter be trusted in his belief in the crucifixion (1 Peter 2:24) after being called Satan and he denied Jesus three times (Matthew 26:34)?)(Another matter is that it is said that Jesus did not write the Gospel but is anonymous and the language is in Greek instead of Aramaic (the language of Jesus), and the current Bible has verses that are not in the oldest sources (Papyrus, Codex Vaticanus and Codex Sinaiticus), so it is not a reliable source; but, the Qur’an is a Criterion (3:4) to know what is true. See the links below “Is the Bible corrupted?” and “Is it “satanic” to deny the crucifixion (according to the Bible)?”)(Allah knows best)

5:110 When Allah said, "O Jesus, son of Mary, remember My Favor upon you and upon your mother when I strengthened you with the Holy Spirit, you spoke to the people in the cradle and in maturity. And when I taught you the Book and the wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel; and when you make from clay like the shape of the bird by My permission, then you breath into it, and it becomes a bird by My permission; and you heal those born blind and the leper by My permission; and when you bring forth the dead by My permission. And when I restrained the Children of Israel from you when you came to them with the clear proofs, then those who disbelieved among them said, "This is not but clear magic."

(Some Christians say that the crucifixion is supported in the Old Testament, so that it was predicted in Psalm 22:16, “dogs surround me, a pack of villains encircles me; they pierce my hands and my feet”, but it is also said that this is a mistranslation or misinterpretation. Even if the translation and interpretation were correct, according to the context, Psalm 22:19 says, “but you, Lord, do not be far from me. You are my strength; come quickly to help me”, Psalm 22:20 “deliver me from the sword, my precious life from the power of the dogs”, Psalm 22:24 “but has listened to his cry for help”. So, he is asking for help, he does not want to be killed by them. So, it is not about sacrificing his life to save mankind, but, like in the New Testament, Jesus was the one to be saved, not mankind. This is confirmed by Matthew 15:24 “I was sent only to the lost sheep of Israel”, so Jesus was not even sent to whole mankind. Hebrews 5:7 also says “during the days of Jesus’ life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with fervent cries and tears to the one who could save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverent submission”; so “Hebrews 5:7” and “Psalm 22:24” suggest the Jesus was saved from death, because Jesus’ petition was responded; so, in regard to crucifixion, Jesus the Messiah was the one to be saved)(See the link below “To whom was Jesus sent? Was Jesus sent to the gentiles?”)(Allah knows best)

17:15 Whoever is guided then is only guided for his soul. And whoever goes astray then only goes astray against it. And no bearer of burdens will bear the burden of another. And We will not punish until We have sent a Messenger.

(Muslims believe that Jesus was not killed or crucified, and that it is not required in order to obtain salvation, while Christians innovated that they would be saved by sacrificing Jesus, and by believing in the cross, and only by grace through faith alone regardless of their deeds/Law, while the Law was not abolished (Matthew 5:17, Matthew 23:2-3, Acts 15:5 and 15:20, James 2:14-26))(Allah knows best)

16:64 And We have not revealed to you the Book except that you make clear to them that in which they differed, and as a guidance and mercy for a people who believe.

(Another point is that people at the time of Jesus was in doubt about Jesus being killed and crucified, so it is not a new matter invented by Muslims; Verse 4:157 says “indeed, those who differ in it are surely in doubt about it”; the Qur’an makes clear to people that in which they differed (16:64). This point was registered by the Bible itself; 1 Corinthians 1:23 says, “but we preach Christ crucified: a stumbling block to Jews and foolishness to Gentiles,”; so both the Jews and Gentiles did not believe in Christ crucified at the time of Paul. Galactians 1:11-12 say, “I want you to know, brothers and sisters, that the gospel I preached is not of human origin. I did not receive it from any human, nor was I taught it; rather, I received it by revelation from Jesus Christ”. It refers to the account in Acts, where he reported having experienced a vision of the resurrected Jesus; so he didn’t even meet Jesus, but it was a fabricated dream. Galatians 1:20 says, “I assure you before God that what I am writing you is not a lie”, so they were in doubt about it, and he tried to convince them. Colossians 1:25-6 says, “I have become its servant by the commission God gave me to present to you the word of God in its fullness- the mystery that has been kept hidden for ages and generations, but is now disclosed to the Lord’s people.”; so, Paul proclaimed himself as an authority, and he even tells indirectly in Colossians that he was born in a much later generation than the time of Jesus, so it confirms that he never met Jesus; notice that the sentence says,the mystery that has been kept hidden for ages and generations”. Paul says in 1 Corinthians 1:22, “Jews demand signs and Greeks look for wisdom”; so Jesus came with signs, but Paul was not a messenger, he had no authority, nor did he come with signs)(Allah knows best)

19:33 And peace (be) on me (the) day I was born and (the) day I will die and (the) Day I will be raised alive." 19:34 That was Jesus, the son of Mary, a statement of truth about which they dispute. 19:35 It is not for Allah to take a son. Glory be to Him, when He decrees a matter, then He only says to it, "Be" and it is. 19:36 "And indeed, Allah is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him. This is a straight path." 19:37 But the sects among them differed, so woe to those who disbelieve from (the) witnessing (of) a great Day.

(This Verse refers to the day Jesus was born (in this world), and the day he dies (in this world), and the Day he is resurrected (in the Hereafter), as any other human, because death and life are twice for everybody (40:11, 2:28). A person was dead (non-existent), then alive (in this world), then the person dies (in this world), then is resurrected (on the Day of Resurrection), and judged by God)(Allah knows best)

4:155 Then because of their breaking of their covenant and their disbelief in the Signs of Allah and their killing of the Prophets without any right and their saying, "Our hearts are wrapped." Nay, Allah (has) set a seal on their (hearts) for their disbelief, so they do not believe except a few.

(The killing of the Prophets do not make people obtain salvation, but they obtain a punishment)(Allah knows best)

3:181 Certainly, Allah heard the saying of those who said, "Indeed Allah is poor while we are rich." We will record what they said and their killing the Prophets without right, and We will say, "Taste the punishment of the Burning Fire."

2:61 And when you said, "O Moses, we can never endure one food, so pray to your Lord to bring forth for us out of what the earth grows, of its herbs, its cucumbers, its garlic, its lentils, and its onions." He said, "Would you exchange that which is better for that which is inferior? Go down to a city, so indeed for you is what you have asked for." And humiliation and misery were struck upon them and they drew on themselves the wrath of Allah. That was because they used to disbelieve in the Signs of Allah and kill the Prophets without right. That was because they disobeyed and they were transgressing.

11:114 And establish the prayer at the two ends of the day and at the approach of the night. Indeed, the good deeds remove the evil deeds. That is a reminder for those who remember.

22:23 Indeed, Allah will admit those who believe and do the righteous deeds to Gardens underneath which rivers flow. They will be adorned therein with bracelets of gold and pearl, and their garments therein (will be of) silk.

(Salvation is obtained by those who believe and do righteous deeds)(Allah knows best)

4:162 But those who are firm in knowledge among them and the believers believe in what is revealed to you and what was revealed before you. And those who establish prayer and those who give zakah (charity) and those who believe in Allah and the Last Day – (to) those, We will give them a great reward.

7:23 Both of them said "Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy on us, we will surely be among the losers."

(Adam and his wife asked forgiveness for their sins to obtain salvation. God accepted the repentance (2:37))(Mankind was not sentenced to death because of what Adam and his wife did, because actually mankind was not immortal, before they committed sin. That is confirmed by Verse 21:34 “And We did not make for any man before you immortality; so if you die, then (would) they live forever?”)(Allah knows best)

35:18 And no bearer of burdens will bear the burden of another. And if a heavily laden calls to carry its load, nothing of it will be carried, even if he be a near of kin. You can only warn those who fear their Lord - unseen and establish the prayer. And whoever purifies himself, then only he purifies for his own self. And to Allah is the destination.

11:35 Or do they say, "He has invented it?" Say, "If I have invented it, then on me is my crime, but I am innocent of what crimes you commit."

(The one who is innocent of what they committed, he does not bear their burden)(Allah knows best)

6:164 Say, "Is (it) other than Allah I (should) seek (as) a Lord, while He is the Lord of everything?" And no every soul earns except against itself, and no bearer of burden bears the burden of another. Then to your Lord is your return, then He will inform you about what you were differing concerning it.

(Someone bears his burden according to what he earned, because what he earned was against himself, not against someone who is innocent of what he did. On the other hand, he does not bear the burden of another if he did not earn it)(Christians invented that Jesus bore their sins, but this is not supported by the Old Testament (Deuteronomy 24:16, II Kings 14:6, Jeremiah 31:30, Ezekiel 18:20, Psalms 49:7, Numbers 35:33), nor by the New Testament (Galatians 6:5), and nor by the Qur’an (17:15))(Allah knows best)

43:59 He was not except a slave on whom We bestowed Our favor, and We made him an example for the Children of Israel.

(According to Verse 4:157, the Jews thought that they had killed Jesus, so the purpose of making them think so was addressed to the Jews, because the Verse says “it was made to appear so “to them””. In order to save Jesus, according to Verse 5:110, the Children of Israel was restrained from Jesus, as a Favor from God to Jesus. So, in regard to crucifixion, Jesus was the one to be saved, not mankind)(Jesus was only sent to the Children of Israel. They denied Jesus and Jesus was saved from those he was sent to, so the gentiles were not to be involved. This is supported by Matthew 15:24, “I was sent only to the lost sheep of Israel”; and Jesus used parables; Matthew 13:13 and Luke 8:10 confirm that the purpose of the parables is that they may not understand. According to Matthew 13:34 “Jesus spoke all these things to the crowd in parables; he did not say anything to them without using a parable”. According to Mark 4:34, Jesus explained everything in private to the (Jewish) disciples; and according to John 18:20, Jesus said nothing in secret in synagogues or at the temple (Jewish places); and according to Matthew 13:36, Jesus explained a parable in private to the (Jewish) disciples. So, one interpretation is that the parables were addressed to the gentiles so that they may not understand, and, on the other hand, Jesus was sent to the Children of Israel (61:14, 43:59, 3:47-50, 5:72, 61:6); in regard to the (original) Gospel, addressed to the Children of Israel - “in it was Guidance and light” (5:46), rather than confusion. And Jesus came to the Children of Israel with clear evidences (61:6))(Allah knows best)

See also: All Jews believing in Jesus before his death?

See also: How to obtain forgiveness?

See also: Does Jesus love you? Does Jesus love his enemies?

See also: Is the Bible corrupted?

See also: Is it “satanic” to deny the crucifixion (according to the Bible)?

See also: To whom was Jesus sent? Was Jesus sent to the gentiles?

See also: Is salvation obtained by grace through Faith alone or also by works, following the law? Do Christians have a license to sin?

See also: How the Qur’an corrects Christianity?

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