Wednesday, June 28, 2017

Do non-Muslims oppress women?

2:35 And We said, "O Adam, dwell you and your spouse in Paradise, and (you both) eat freely from wherever you (both) wish. But do not (you two) approach this tree, lest you (both) be of the wrongdoers." 2:36 Then Satan made (both of) them slip out of it, and he got (both of) them out from that in which they (both) were. And We said, "Go down (all of you), as enemies to one another; and on the earth, for you is a dwelling place and a provision for a period."

(Jews and Christians make a woman solely responsible for the so-called “original sin”; and they historically made laws against women’s rights)(Allah knows best)

7:20 Then Satan whispered to both of them to make apparent to both of them that which was concealed to both of them of their shame. And he said, "Did not Your Lord forbid you both this tree, except that you two become Angels or you two become of the immortals." … 7:22 So he made both of them fall by deception. Then when they both tasted the tree, their shame became apparent to both of them, and they began to fasten over themselves the leaves of the Garden. And their Lord called both of them, "Did I not forbid both of you from this tree and say to both of you that Satan is to both of you an open enemy?" 7:23 Both of them said "Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy on us, we will surely be among the losers."

20:121 Then they both ate of it, so their shame became apparent to them, and they began to fasten over themselves from the leaves of Paradise. And Adam disobeyed his Lord and erred.

14:22 And Satan will say, when the matter has been decided, "Indeed, Allah promised you a promise of truth. And I promised you, but I betrayed you. But I had no any authority over you except that I invited you, and you responded to me. So do not blame me, but blame yourselves. I (can)not be your helper, nor (can) you be my helper. Indeed, I deny your association of me before. Indeed, the wrongdoers, for them is a painful punishment."

19:16 And mention in the Book Mary, when she withdrew from her family to an eastern place. 19:17 Then she took a screen (hijaban) from them. Then We sent to her Our Spirit, then he appeared to her in the likeness of a well-proportioned man.

(Some non-Muslims try to oppress/deny Muslim women’s right to wear the veil/hijab)(The veil is modesty (24:31) and protection of women (33:59), and Mary also wore it (19:16). There are no objections in the Torah on using veil/hijab (Genesis 24:65, Genesis 38:14-15). Women is obligated to wear veil/hijab in the New Testament (1 Corinthians 11:5-7))(Allah knows best)

33:59 O Prophet, Say to your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw over themselves their outer garments. That is more suitable that they should be known and not harmed. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

(Modesty of women)(Protection of women from being assaulted)(Allah knows best)

33:33 And stay in your houses and do not display yourselves (as was the) display of the former (times of) ignorance. And establish the prayer and give zakah (charity) and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah only wishes to remove from you the impurity, People of the House, and to purify you with purification.

33:53 O you who believe, do not enter the houses of the Prophet except when permission is given to you for a meal, without awaiting its preparation. But when you are invited, then enter; and when you have eaten, then disperse without seeking to remain for a conversation. Indeed, that was troubling the Prophet, and he is shy of you. But Allah is not shy of the truth. And when you ask them for something, then ask them from behind a screen (hijabin). That is purer for your hearts and their hearts. And it is not for you that you trouble the Messenger of Allah nor that you should ever marry his wives after him. Indeed, that is an enormity near Allah.

23:5 And those who are guardians of their modesty 23:6 Except from their spouses or what they rightfully possess, then indeed, they are not blameworthy.

24:31 And say to the believing women to lower their gaze and guard their chastity/modesty, and not display their adornment except what is apparent of it. And let them draw their head covers over their bosoms, and not display their adornment except to their husbands, or their fathers, or their husbands’ fathers, or their sons, or their husbands’ sons, or their brothers, or their brothers’ sons, or their sisters’ sons, or their women, or that which their right hands possess, or the attendants having no physical desire among men, or children who are not aware of the private aspects of women. And let them not stamp their feet to make known what they conceal of their adornment. And turn to Allah altogether O believers, so that you may succeed.

4:19 O you who believe, it is not lawful for you to inherit women by force. And do not constraint them in order to take part of what you have given them unless they commit a clear immorality. And live with them in kindness. For if you dislike them - perhaps you dislike a thing and Allah has placed much good in it.

(In Judaism and Christianity, according to Genesis 38:8, women must have relations with her husband’s brother, while in Islam women have no obligation or cannot be forced to have relations)(In Deuteronomy 22:28-29, if a man rapes a girl, he must marry her forever and can never divorce. So, this could rather punish the victim, and the rapist would go unpunished)(In Islam you cannot harm them anyhow (65:6 “do not harm them to distress them”). And whoever commits adultery or fornication would meet a penalty (25:68), whether male or female)(Verse 24:33 says “whoever compels them, then indeed, Allah is, after their compulsion, Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful”. That is in the context of compelling them in order to have relations. If this Verse was considered in the case of rape, then the victim should not be punished (woman is not punished if she is raped, but the rapist))(Allah knows best)

33:50 O Prophet, Indeed, We have made lawful to you your wives to whom you have given their bridal money and those whom you rightfully possess from what Allah has given to you and the daughters of your paternal uncles and the daughters of your paternal aunts and the daughters of your maternal uncles and the daughters of your maternal aunts who emigrated with you and a believing woman if she gives herself to the Prophet, and the Prophet wishes to marry her - only for you, excluding the believers. We certainly, know what We have made obligatory upon them concerning their wives and those whom they rightfully possess, that there should be no discomfort upon you. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

(Verse 33:50 confirms that you cannot force women to marry, but you can marry if “she gives herself”, so in mutual agreement)(In regard to Christianity and Judaism, in Ecclesiasticus / Sirach 36:21, “a woman will accept any husband”; while the reality is that a woman is selective, so she does not accept any husband. The sentence in Ecclesiasticus is another way to oppress, force, and disrespect women in Judaism and Christianity)(Note: Ecclesiasticus / Sirach is found in the Catholic Bible and the Orthodox Bible. The Protestants excluded it because no Hebrew version was found and it was considered a product of Greek culture. But a Hebrew version was found in the Dead Sea Scrolls. So, Ecclesiasticus / Sirach can be considered both Christian and Jew)(Allah knows best)

24:33 And let those who do not find marriage be chaste/refrain until Allah enriches them of His Bounty. And those who seek (yabtaghuna) the writing from among whom your right hands possess, give them the writing if you know any good in them, and give them from the wealth of Allah, which He has given you. And do not compel your slave girls to prostitution (l-bighai), if they want chastity (tahassunan), to seek temporary gain of the life of the world. And whoever compels them, then indeed, Allah is, after their compulsion, Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

(Verse 24:33 confirms that you have to marry in order to have relations (“those who seek the writing from among whom your right hands possess”))(In regard to “do not compel your slave girls to prostitution, if they desire chastity”; the sentence does not imply that “prostitution” is allowed, but the root of “bighai” / “tabtaghu” / “yabtaghu” (prostitution / seek) is “Ba-Ghayn-Ya”, and it means “sought for or after, desired, endeavored to find and take and get (good or evil), unchaste, loving or affecting a thing, etc.”. So, according to the context of the Verse, you cannot compel them in regard to seeking / desiring a husband, if they want to remain chaste. This interpretation is confirmed within the same Verse, which uses the same root word than in a previous sentence “those who seek (Ba-Ghayn-Ya) the writing from among whom your right hands possess”. So, compelling them to get married if she desires to be chaste” is called “prostitution”. Prostitution / fornication / adultery are forbidden in Islam anyhow. So, sexual relations is always in the context of marrying in the Qur’an. If someone was to be compelled to marry, it could also be rape, if she desires to be chaste or single. Such compulsion is also forbidden in Islam)(In Islam, prostitution is forbidden, but non-Muslims allow it, while it is known that most prostitutes are forced into sex work. In some western countries, it is estimated that 80% of them do it against their will. So, most prostitutes are in fact sex slaves)(Allah knows best)

16:90 Indeed, Allah commands justice and good, and giving to relatives, and forbids immorality and bad and oppression. He admonishes you so that you may take heed.

(In regard to sex slaves, in Judaism and Christianity, according to Numbers 31:17-18, “Now kill all the boys. And kill every woman who has slept with a man, but save for yourselves every girl who has never slept with a man”. This verse in the Bible is in a context of slavery “save for yourselves”, and in a context of sex, because they take the virgin ones for themselves)(Slavery is not allowed in Islam, but it is allowed in Judaism and Christianity, so women might become a sex slave. According to the Bible, in Leviticus 25:44-46, “Your male and female slaves are to come from the nations around you; from them you may buy slaves. You may also buy some of the temporary residents living among you and members of their clans born in your country, and they will become your property. You can bequeath them to your children as inherited property and can make them slaves for life, but you must not rule over your fellow Israelites ruthlessly.”. And according to Ephesians 6:5, “Slaves, obey your earthly masters with respect and fear, and with sincerity of heart, just as you would obey Christ.”. And according to 1 Peter 2:18, “Slaves, in reverent fear of God submit yourselves to your masters, not only to those who are good and considerate, but also to those who are cruel / unjust”)(Allah knows best)

66:5 Perhaps his Lord, if he divorced you, He will substitute for him wives better than you - submissive, faithful, obedient, repentant, who worship, who fast, previously married and virgins.

(There is no discrimination among women in Islam)(Allah knows best)

38:24 He said, "Certainly, he has wronged you by demanding your ewe to his ewes. And indeed, many of the partners certainly oppress some of them [on] another, except those who believe and do righteous deeds and they (are) few." And David became certain that We (had) tried him, and he asked forgiveness (of) his Lord and fell down bowing and turned in repentance.

(According to Verse 38:24, oppression is something made by disbelievers. The believers / Muslims are not oppressors. By definition, a Muslims is the one who submits to God. God forbids oppression, so if someone oppresses, he is not a Muslim / Submitter)(Allah knows best)

29:8 And We have enjoined upon man goodness to his parents, but if they both strive against you to make you associate with Me that of which you have no knowledge, then do not obey both of them. To Me is your return, and I will inform you about what you used to do.

(There are some cases in which children are raped by their own parents (e.g. a little girl raped by her father). In Islam you can disobey your parents, but in Judaism and Christianity, children could be oppressed and even killed by the parents; according to Deuteronomy 21:18-20, “If someone has a stubborn and rebellious son who does not obey his father and mother and will not listen to them when they discipline him, his father and mother shall take hold of him and bring him to the elders at the gate of his town. They shall say to the elders, “This son of ours is stubborn and rebellious. He will not obey us. He is a glutton and a drunkard.”. Then all the men of his town are to stone him to death. You must purge the evil from among you. All Israel will hear of it and be afraid.”)(Allah knows best)

52:23 Therein they will pass to one another a cup, therein (there will be) no ill speech and no sin. 52:24 And will circulate among them boys for them, as if they (were) well-protected pearls.

(There are no female servants or maids in the Garden, but they are males)(Note: this Verse is not about homosexuality, because the Verse does not even mention anything like that, and homosexuality is forbidden in Islam)(Allah knows best)

25:68 And those who do not invoke with Allah another god, and do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden, except by right, and do not commit adultery/fornication. And whoever does that will meet a penalty.

24:2 The adulteress/fornicatress and the adulterer/fornicator, flog each of them with hundred lashes. And (let) not withhold you pity for them concerning the religion of Allah, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day. And let a group of the believers witness their punishment.

(There is “honor killing” in Judaism and Christianity (Leviticus 20:9-11 and 21:9, Exodus 21:17, Deuteronomy 13:6-9). In regard to the Qur’an, the adulterers or fornicators are not sentenced to death, but to lashes. Some non-Muslims argue that the lashes would kill them, but killing them is not explicitly said in the Qur’an, nor if lashes are all in one session, or are strong or soft, etc.)(According to Deuteronomy 25:11-12, Jews and Christians have to mutilate their women; a woman is punished by cutting off her hand if she seizes in self-defense the private parts of someone who is not her husband)(Allah knows best)

33:28 O Prophet, say to your wives, "If you desire the life of the world and its adornment, then come, I will provide for you and release you with a good release.

(The wives are not forced to follow the religion, because there is no compulsion in Islam (2:256), and women can also divorce)(According to the bible, Jews and Christians must kill the apostates (Deuteronomy 13:6-9, 17:3-5; 2 Chronicles 15:13, Matthew 15:3-4))(Allah knows best)

4:25 And whoever among you is not able to marry free chaste believing women, then from those whom your right hands possess of believing girls. And Allah knows all about your faith. You are of one another. So marry them with the permission of their family and give them their bridal due in a fair manner. Chaste, not committing immorality and not taking secret lovers. Then if after marriage they commit adultery, then their punishment is half of that which is for free chaste women. That is for whoever among you who fears committing sin, and to be patient is better for you. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

(Protection of women)(Many Jews, Christians and atheists have relations with many men or women without being married, and they have secret lovers, that’s a major sin. It is also forbidden in the Bible)(Allah knows best)

33:32 O wives of the Prophet, you are not like anyone among women. If you fear, then do not be soft in speech, lest he, in whose heart is a disease, should be moved with desire, but say an appropriate word. ... 33:34 And remember what is recited in your houses of the Verses of Allah and the wisdom. Indeed, Allah is All-Subtle, All-Aware.

(Women are allowed to learn the Qur’an. It also implies to have knowledge in different fields (astronomy, biology, geology, etc.). So, it implies that women are allowed to receive education. On the other hand, in Judaism, the Talmud says “women are exempt from the study of the Torah”. So, the rabbis would be preventing women from salvation)(Allah knows best)

3:79 It is not for any human to whom Allah has given the Book, and the wisdom, and Prophethood to say to the people, "Be my worshipers besides Allah,” but "Be worshipers of the Lord because you have been teaching the Book and you have been studying."

(Verse 3:79 confirms that women can receive education, because it says “any human” (male or female), so they could have the Book, and the wisdom; and the Verse also says “you have been teaching the Book and you have been studying”)(Allah knows best)

6:105 And thus We explain the Signs that they (may) say, "You have studied," and that We (may) make it clear for a people who know.

2:231 And when you divorce women and they reach their term, then either retain them in a fair manner or release them in a fair manner. And do not retain them to hurt them so that you transgress. And whoever does that, then indeed, he wrongs himself. And do not take the Verses of Allah in jest, and remember the Favors of Allah upon you and what is revealed to you of the Book and the wisdom by which He instructs you. And fear Allah and know that Allah is All-Knower of everything.

(Women can divorce in Islam, but they cannot divorce in Christianity (Matthew 5:32). So, she could be oppressed or abused by her husband)(Allah knows best)

2:241 And for the divorced women is a provision in a fair manner - a duty upon the righteous.

65:6 Lodge them where you dwell, out of your means and do not harm them to distress them. And if they are pregnant, then spend on them until they deliver their burden. Then if they suckle for you, then give them their payment and consult among yourselves with kindness, but if you disagree, then another may suckle.

(In Christianity, according to Paul, in 1 Corinthians 11:7, he said “a man ought not to cover his head, since he is the image and glory of god; but woman is the glory of man”. While, God says in the Qur’an that Glory is to God (3:191, 5:116, 9:31, 2:32))(Allah knows best)

27:23 Indeed, I found a woman ruling them, and she has been given everything, and she has a great throne.

(There are no objections in the Qur’an on a woman ruling. On the other hand, in the Bible, according to 1 Timothy 2: 11-15, they are not allowed to have any authority over men)(Allah knows best)

2:190 And fight in the way of Allah those who fight you, and do not transgress. Indeed, Allah does not like the transgressors.

(In Islam, fighting is in self-defense. On the other hand, the world should be concerned that the Bible tells in 1 Samuel 15:3 about putting to death women, children, babies, cattle, etc; and in Ezekiel 9:5-6 there is killing of old men, women, mothers and children; while It is not about self-defense)(Allah knows best)

2:221 And do not marry polytheistic women until they believe. And a believing bondwoman is better than a polytheistic woman, even if she pleases you. And do not give in marriage to polytheistic men until they believe, and a believing bondman is better than a polytheistic man, even if he pleases you. They invite to the Fire, and Allah invites to Paradise and forgiveness by His permission. And He makes clear His Verses for people so that they may take heed.

(In Islam, you cannot marry someone solely motivated by her beauty. In regard to Christianity and Judaism, Ecclesiasticus / Sirach 36:18 says, “the stomach takes in all kinds of food, but some foods are better than others”; Ecclesiasticus / Sirach 36:22-23, “a woman’s beauty delights the beholder, a man likes nothing better. If her tongue is kind and gentle, her husband is the happiest of men”. So, according to the Bible there is “nothing better” than woman’s beauty, in addition, if she talks kindly, even happier. In that regard, women may suffer discrimination)(Allah knows best)

4:3 And if you fear that not you will be able to do justice with the orphans, then (fa) marry what seems suitable to you from the women - two, or three, or four. But (fa) if you fear that you will not be just, then (fa) one or what your right hands possess. That is more appropriate that you may not oppress.

(Protection of women)(All women can find marriage. On the other hand, if there are more men than women, men could not find marriage. Fornication and adultery are forbidden in the Bible and the Qur’an)(“What your right hands possess” is not an exception to be just, nor an exception to marry one, two, three or four, but the same rules are applied to all of them (“women”, orphans and what your right hand possess), because, according to the context, it is a matter of sequence or order: first the orphans, then the “women”, then what your right hand possess, because the verse mentions “fa” between them. “Fa” indicates order in Arabic)(The verse also says “that is more appropriate that you may not oppress”, so the Verse does not make some women an exception in regard to being just to them, but, instead, you cannot oppress them)(Allah knows best)

2:282 O you who have believed, when you contract a debt for a specified term, write it down. And let a scribe write [it] between you in justice. Let no scribe refuse to write as Allah has taught him. So let him write and let the one who has the right dictate. And let him fear Allah , his Lord, and not diminish anything of it. But if the one who has the right is of limited understanding or weak or unable to dictate himself, then let his guardian dictate in justice. And bring to witness two witnesses from among your men. And if there are not two men, then a man and two women from those whom you accept as witnesses - so that if one of the women errs, then the other can remind her. And let not the witnesses refuse when they are called upon. And do not be weary to write it, whether it is small or large, for its term. That is more just in the sight of Allah and more upright for evidence and nearer that you have no doubt, except when it is a present transaction which you conduct among yourselves. For [then] there is no blame upon you if you do not write it. And take witnesses when you make transaction. Let no scribe be harmed or any witness. For if you do so, indeed, it is disobedience in you. And fear Allah . And Allah teaches you. And Allah is Knowing of all things.

(Protection of women in Islam)(Allah knows best)

4:11 Allah instructs you concerning your children - for the male a portion equal to that of two females. But if there are women, more than two, then for them two thirds of what he left. And if there is one, then for her is half. And for his parents, to each one of them is a sixth of what is left, if he has a child. But if he does not have a child and his parents inherit from him, then for his mother is one third. And if he has brothers and sisters, then for his mother is a sixth after any will he has made or any debt. Your parents and your children – you do not know which of them are nearer to you in benefit. An obligation from Allah. Indeed, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.

(E.g., a daughter inherits less than her brother, but the male, to get married, must give from his wealth to the female, so it is compensated)(If more men is able to marry, then more women can find marriage)(Allah knows best)

65:1 O Prophet, when you divorce women, then divorce them for their waiting period, and keep count of the waiting period, and fear Allah, your Lord. Do not expel them from their houses, and nor should they leave unless they commit a clear immorality. And these are the limits of Allah. And whoever transgresses the limits of Allah, then certainly he has wronged himself. You know not; perhaps Allah will bring about, after that, a matter.

2:222 And they ask you about menstruation. Say, "It is a hurt, so keep away (from) women during/in (fi) (their) menstruation (l-mahidi). And do not approach them until they are cleansed. Then when they are purified, then come to them from where Allah has ordered you." Indeed, Allah loves those who turn in repentance and loves those who purify themselves.

(The root of “mahidi” (menstruation) is “Ha-Ya-Dad”, and it means “to have her courses, menstruate; her blood flowed from her womb, to attain the age of menstruation, to make a thing flow”. So, according to the definition, Verse 2:222 can be interpreted as keeping away in or from her blood flowing, so from that specific part, not from “women”. In regard to Judaism and Christianity, Leviticus 15:19-20 says “when a woman has her regular flow of blood, the impurity of her monthly period will last seven days, and anyone who touches her will be unclean till evening. Anything she lies on during her period will be unclean, and anything she sits on will be unclean”)(Allah knows best)

4:34 Men are protectors of the women because Allah (has) bestowed some of them over others and because they spend from their wealth. So the righteous women are obedient, guarding in the unseen that which Allah (orders) them to guard. And those (from) whom you fear their ill-conduct, then advise them, and forsake them in bed, and set forth them (id'ribuhunna). Then if they obey you, then do not seek a way against them. Indeed, Allah is Most High, Most Great.

(The root of “id’ribu” (set forth) is “Dad-Ra-Ba”, and it means “go, make a journey, travel, set forth, leave/forsake, strike, beat, hit, etc.”. You use one word or another according to the context. In the case of Verse 4:34, translating / interpreting it as “strike” is not supported by other Verses of the Qur’an. So, the Qur’an do not support a translation or interpretation that could imply wife beating. So, according to the context, (“forsake them in bed” (4:34)), then “set forth them” (4:34) suggests that, if they still have ill-conduct, you do not only forsake them in bed, but, you also leave them in full (in bed, house, etc))(Another point is that Verse 4:34 starts saying “men are protectors of the women”, so men are their protectors, not their aggressors. In this case, the Bible is in agreement with the Qur’an; Malachi 2:16 says, “the man who hates and divorces his wife,” says the Lord, the God of Israel, “does violence to the one he should protect,” says the Lord Almighty. So be on your guard, and do not be unfaithful”. The Qur’an confirms the Bible (5:48), in that which God revealed)(Allah knows best)

16:97 Whoever does righteous deeds, whether male or female, while he is a believer, then We will surely give him life, a good life, and We will surely pay them their reward to the best of what they used to do.

3:195 Then their Lord responded to them, "Indeed, I will not let go waste the deeds of the doer among you, whether male or female; you are of one another. So those who emigrated and were driven out from their homes, and were harmed in My way and fought and were killed - I will surely remove from them their evil deeds, and I will surely admit them to Gardens beneath which rivers flow - a reward from Allah. And Allah - with Him is the best reward."

4:124 And whoever does righteous deeds, from male or female, and he is a believer, then those will enter Paradise and they will not be wronged the speck on a date-seed.

30:21 And among His Signs is that He created for you from yourselves mates that you may find tranquility in them; and He placed love and mercy between you. Indeed, in that are surely Signs for a people who reflect.

33:35 Indeed, the Muslim men and the Muslim women, and the believing men and the believing women, and the obedient men and the obedient women, and the truthful men and the truthful women, and the patient men and the patient women, and the humble men and the humble women, and the men who give charity and the women who give charity, and the men who fast and the women who fast, and the men who guard their chastity and the women who guard (it), and the men who remember Allah much and the women who remember - Allah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward.

See also: Is slavery allowed in Judaism and Christianity? Are sex slaves allowed in Judaism and Christianity?

See also: Are women less than men? Is a woman worth one-half of a man in Islam? Are men and women equal?

See also: Is there “honor killing” in the Qur’an, as there is in the Bible?

See also: Is it allowed in Islam to have relations with maids/slaves without marrying? Is adultery permitted?

See also: Does Islam support pedophilia or child marriages? Did Prophet Muhammad marry a 6 year old?

See also: Can you divorce your wife by just saying three words (triple talaq) in Islam?

See also: Is polygamy okay?

See also: Are forced marriages allowed in Islam?

See also: Are women allowed to drive in Islam?

See also: Is stoning supported in the Bible?

See also: Does women have the obligation or can be forced to have relations with her husband’s brother, as in Judaism and Christianity?

See also: Is self-mutilation allowed in Islam, as it is in Christianity?

See also: Which religion is moderate and which is extreme? Who are the radicals? Judaism vs. Christianity vs. Islam

See also: Is rape allowed?

See also: According to verse 4:34, is wife beating allowed in Islam? Is it supported by other verses?

See also: Can you commit incest?

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