Friday, October 21, 2016

Are women less than men? Is a woman worth one-half of a man in Islam? Are men and women equal?

49:13 O mankind, indeed, We created you from a male and a female and We made you nations and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you near Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allah is All-Knower, All-Aware.

33:35 Indeed, the Muslim men and the Muslim women, and the believing men and the believing women, and the obedient men and the obedient women, and the truthful men and the truthful women, and the patient men and the patient women, and the humble men and the humble women, and the men who give charity and the women who give charity, and the men who fast and the women who fast, and the men who guard their chastity and the women who guard (it), and the men who remember Allah much and the women who remember - Allah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward.

3:195 Then their Lord responded to them, "Indeed, I will not let go waste the deeds of the doer among you, whether male or female; you are of one another. So those who emigrated and were driven out from their homes, and were harmed in My way and fought and were killed - I will surely remove from them their evil deeds, and I will surely admit them to Gardens beneath which rivers flow - a reward from Allah. And Allah - with Him is the best reward."

4:124 And whoever does righteous deeds, from male or female, and he is a believer, then those will enter Paradise and they will not be wronged the speck on a date-seed.

2:237 And if you divorce them before you have touched them while already you have specified for them an obligation (dower), then (give) half of what you have specified, unless they (women) forgo it or the one in whose hands is the marriage knot forgoes it. And if you forgo, it is nearer to righteousness. And do not forget the graciousness among you. Indeed, Allah is All-Seer of what you do.

(Women’s rights)(Allah knows best)

16:90 Indeed, Allah commands justice and good, and giving to relatives, and forbids immorality and bad and oppression. He admonishes you so that you may take heed.

16:97 Whoever does righteous deeds, whether male or female, while he is a believer, then We will surely give him life, a good life, and We will surely pay them their reward to the best of what they used to do.

4:19 O you who believe, it is not lawful for you to inherit women by force. And do not constraint them in order to take part of what you have given them unless they commit a clear immorality. And live with them in kindness. For if you dislike them - perhaps you dislike a thing and Allah has placed much good in it.

(In Judaism and Christianity, according to Genesis 38:8, women must have relations with her husband’s brother, while in Islam women have no obligation or cannot be forced to have relations)(And in Deuteronomy 22:28-29, if a man rapes a girl, he must marry her forever and can never divorce. So, this could rather punish the victim, and the rapist would go unpunished)(Allah knows best)

2:231 And when you divorce women and they reach their term, then either retain them in a fair manner or release them in a fair manner. And do not retain them to hurt them so that you transgress. And whoever does that, then indeed, he wrongs himself. And do not take the Verses of Allah in jest, and remember the Favors of Allah upon you and what is revealed to you of the Book and the wisdom by which He instructs you. And fear Allah and know that Allah is All-Knower of everything.

(Women can divorce in Islam, but they cannot divorce in Christianity (Matthew 5:32). So, she could be oppressed or abused by her husband)(Allah knows best)

65:1 O Prophet, when you divorce women, then divorce them for their waiting period, and keep count of the waiting period, and fear Allah, your Lord. Do not expel them from their houses, and nor should they leave unless they commit a clear immorality. And these are the limits of Allah. And whoever transgresses the limits of Allah, then certainly he has wronged himself. You know not; perhaps Allah will bring about, after that, a matter.

(Women’s rights)(Allah knows best)

2:241 And for the divorced women is a provision in a fair manner - a duty upon the righteous.

65:6 Lodge them where you dwell, out of your means and do not harm them to distress them. And if they are pregnant, then spend on them until they deliver their burden. Then if they suckle for you, then give them their payment and consult among yourselves with kindness, but if you disagree, then another may suckle.

4:3 And if you fear that not you will be able to do justice with the orphans, then marry what seems suitable to you from the women - two, or three, or four. But if you fear that you will not be just, then one or what your right hands possess. That is more appropriate that you may not oppress.

(In regard to why men are permitted to have 4 wives but women are only allowed one husband, it is interpreted that it is for protecting women, so all women can find marriage, for example, in a place where there are more women than men; on the other hand, men are not protected in that matter, so that not all men could find marriage: if he has no wealth (24:33), or if there are more men than women in a certain location, and all women of his age are already married, then it could be less likely for men to find marriage)(Likewise, women wearing veil, or women marrying with the permission of their family (4:25), etc., are also about protecting women)(In regard to equality among women, according to Verse 4:3, man has to marry women who he thinks he will be able to do justice (among them), be it orphan or other women - one, two, three or four. Then, polygamy would be allowed, but, if he fears that he will not be just, then he has to marry one)(“What your right hands possess” is not an exception to be just, nor an exception to marry one, two, three or four, but the same rules are applied to all of them (“women”, orphans and what your right hand possess), because, according to the context, it is a matter of sequence or order: first the orphans, then “(other) women”, then what your right hand possess, because the Verse mentions “fa” between them, which indicates order, in Arabic)(The Verse also says “that is more appropriate that you may not oppress”, so the Verse does not make some women an exception in regard to being just to them, but, instead, you cannot oppress people)(Orphan women are preferred because is a vulnerable group)(Many people see polygamy as something bad, but non-Muslims (Christians, atheists, etc.) have relations with many men and women without being married, that’s a major sin, and is also forbidden in the Bible; while in polygamy they are married and they have rights, and it is optional. Some Christians are hypocrites when they make objections about polygamy, because there is polygamy in the Bible (Genesis 4:19, 1 Kings 11:3 (according to the Bible, Solomon had 700 wives and 300 concubines), etc.))(Allah knows best)

2:229 Divorce is twice. Then retain in a reasonable manner or release with kindness. And it is not lawful for you to take back whatever you have given them, except if both fear that they can’t keep the limits of Allah. But if you fear that they can’t keep the limits of Allah, then there is no sin on both of them in what she ransoms concerning it. These are the limits of Allah, so do not transgress them. And whoever transgresses the limits of Allah then those - they are the wrongdoers.

2:282 O you who have believed, when you contract a debt for a specified term, write it down. And let a scribe write [it] between you in justice. Let no scribe refuse to write as Allah has taught him. So let him write and let the one who has the right dictate. And let him fear Allah , his Lord, and not diminish anything of it. But if the one who has the right is of limited understanding or weak or unable to dictate himself, then let his guardian dictate in justice. And bring to witness two witnesses from among your men. And if there are not two men, then a man and two women from those whom you accept as witnesses - so that if one of the women errs, then the other can remind her. And let not the witnesses refuse when they are called upon. And do not be weary to write it, whether it is small or large, for its term. That is more just in the sight of Allah and more upright for evidence and nearer that you have no doubt, except when it is a present transaction which you conduct among yourselves. For [then] there is no blame upon you if you do not write it. And take witnesses when you make transaction. Let no scribe be harmed or any witness. For if you do so, indeed, it is disobedience in you. And fear Allah . And Allah teaches you. And Allah is Knowing of all things.

(Protection of women)(Allah knows best)

66:5 Perhaps his Lord, if he divorced you, He will substitute for him wives better than you - submissive, faithful, obedient, repentant, who worship, who fast, previously married and virgins.

(There is no discrimination between them)(Allah knows best)

27:23 Indeed, I found a woman ruling them, and she has been given everything, and she has a great throne.

(There are no objections in the Qur’an on a woman ruling. On the other hand, in the Bible, according to 1 Timothy 2: 11-15, they are not allowed to have any authority over men)(Allah knows best)

24:31 And say to the believing women to lower their gaze and guard their chastity/modesty, and not display their adornment except what is apparent of it. And let them draw their head covers over their bosoms, and not display their adornment except to their husbands, or their fathers, or their husbands’ fathers, or their sons, or their husbands’ sons, or their brothers, or their brothers’ sons, or their sisters’ sons, or their women, or that which their right hands possess, or the attendants having no physical desire among men, or children who are not aware of the private aspects of women. And let them not stamp their feet to make known what they conceal of their adornment. And turn to Allah altogether O believers, so that you may succeed.

(Modesty)(Protection of women)(Mary, the mother of Jesus, wore a hijab/veil (19:16-17))(There are no objections in the Bible on using hijab/veil (Genesis 24:65, Genesis 38:14-15). Women obligated to wear hijab/veil in the Bible (1 Corinthians 11:5-7))(Allah knows best)

33:59 O Prophet, say to your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw over themselves their outer garments. That is more suitable that they should be known and not harmed. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

(Modesty)(Protection of women)(Allah knows best)

33:32 O wives of the Prophet, you are not like anyone among women. If you fear, then do not be soft in speech, lest he, in whose heart is a disease, should be moved with desire, but say an appropriate word. ... 33:34 And remember what is recited in your houses of the Verses of Allah and the wisdom. Indeed, Allah is All-Subtle, All-Aware.

(Women are allowed to learn the Qur’an. It also implies to have knowledge in different fields (astronomy, biology, geology, etc.). So, it implies that women are allowed to receive education. On the other hand, in Judaism, the Talmud says “women are exempt from the study of the Torah”. So, the rabbis would be preventing women from salvation)(Allah knows best)

30:21 And among His Signs is that He created for you from yourselves mates that you may find tranquility in them; and He placed love and mercy between you. Indeed, in that are surely Signs for a people who reflect.

33:28 O Prophet, say to your wives, "If you desire the life of the world and its adornment, then come, I will provide for you and release you with a good release.

(No oppression)(No forced marriages)(Free to divorce)(Allah knows best)

47:19 So know that there is no god but Allah and ask forgiveness for your sin and for the believing men and the believing women. And Allah knows your movement and your resting places.

24:4 And those who accuse chaste women, then they do not bring four witnesses, then flog them with eighty lashes and never accept their testimony. And those, they are the defiantly disobedient,

(Women’s rights)(Allah knows best)

4:11 Allah instructs you concerning your children - for the male a portion equal to that of two females. But if there are women, more than two, then for them two thirds of what he left. And if there is one, then for her is half. And for his parents, to each one of them is a sixth of what is left, if he has a child. But if he does not have a child and his parents inherit from him, then for his mother is one third. And if he has brothers and sisters, then for his mother is a sixth after any will he has made or any debt. Your parents and your children – you do not know which of them are nearer to you in benefit. An obligation from Allah. Indeed, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.

(A daughter inherits less than her brother; on the other hand, the male, to get married, must give from his wealth to the female, so it is compensated)(Allah knows best)

24:33 And let those who do not find marriage be chaste/refrain until Allah enriches them of His Bounty. And those who seek the writing from among whom your right hands possess, give them the writing if you know any good in them, and give them from the wealth of Allah, which He has given you. And do not compel your slave girls to prostitution, if they desire chastity, to seek temporary gain of the life of the world. And whoever compels them, then indeed, Allah is, after their compulsion, Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

4:24 And those women who are married except whom you rightfully possess. The decree of Allah upon you. And lawful to you are beyond these, that you seek them with your wealth desiring chastity, not lust. So for whatever you benefit from them, give them their bridal due as an obligation. And there is no sin on you concerning what you mutually agree to, beyond the obligation. Indeed, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. 4:25 And whoever among you is not able to marry free chaste believing women, then from those whom your right hands possess of believing girls. And Allah knows all about your faith. You are of one another. So marry them with the permission of their family and give them their bridal due in a fair manner. Chaste, not committing immorality and not taking secret lovers. Then if after marriage they commit adultery, then their punishment is half of that which is for free chaste women. That is for whoever among you who fears committing sin, and to be patient is better for you. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

(“Secret lovers” are forbidden in Islam, on the other hand, many non-Muslims have lovers, so they are in fact having sexual relations with many men, or many women, and some of them many more than “four” lovers)(Muslim women have to marry, and they have rights, while non-Muslims’ lovers have no rights (e.g. inheritance (4:12), bridal due (4:25), not expelling them (65:1), etc.), so non-Muslims are hypocrites, and they wrongly interpret some matters about Muslim women as oppression, instead of protection, while they (non-Muslims) are the ones who oppress women, and some of them are the ones who commit fornication / adultery)(Allah knows best)

4:34 Men are protectors of the women because Allah (has) bestowed some of them over others and because they spend from their wealth. So the righteous women are obedient, guarding in the unseen that which Allah (orders) them to guard. And those (from) whom you fear their ill-conduct, then advise them, and forsake them in bed, and set forth to them. Then if they obey you, then do not seek a way against them. Indeed, Allah is Most High, Most Great.

(If man had more wealth, or he spends it (as a fact), it does not discriminate woman, nor the verse says that women cannot have wealth)(Allah knows best)

2:228 And the divorced women shall wait concerning themselves for three monthly periods. And it is not lawful for them to conceal what Allah (has) created in their wombs, if they believe in Allah and the Last Day. And their husbands (have) better right to take them back in that (period), if they wish for reconciliation. And for them is the like of that which is over them in a reasonable manner, and for the men is a degree over them. And Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.

(This verse is in the context of revoking the divorce. They have the same rights, but in regard to taking them back, the husband has better right in that period, so that women cannot be “available” to others before that period, while he can)(Allah knows best)

2:35 And We said, "O Adam, dwell you and your spouse in Paradise, and (you both) eat freely from wherever you (both) wish. But do not (you two) approach this tree, lest you (both) be of the wrongdoers." 2:36 Then Satan made (both of) them slip out of it, and he got (both of) them out from that in which they (both) were. And We said, "Go down (all of you), as enemies to one another; and on the earth, for you is a dwelling place and a provision for a period."

(Jews and Christians wrongly made a woman responsible for the original sin. And they historically made laws against women’s rights)(Allah knows best)

24:2 The adulteress/fornicatress and the adulterer/fornicator, flog each of them with hundred lashes. And (let) not withhold you pity for them concerning the religion of Allah, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day. And let a group of the believers witness their punishment.

(Men and women are punished equally)(Allah knows best)

See also: What is the punishment for adultery? And why is the punishment for women and men equal in Chapter 24 but different in Chapter 4?

See also: Does Islam oppress women?

See also: According to verse 4:34, is wife beating allowed in Islam? Is it supported by other verses?

See also: Are we all equal?

See also: Do non-Muslims oppress women?

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