Monday, June 13, 2016

Are forced marriages allowed in Islam?

4:19 O you who believe, it is not lawful for you to inherit women by force. And do not constraint them in order to take part of what you have given them unless they commit a clear immorality. And live with them in kindness. For if you dislike them - perhaps you dislike a thing and Allah has placed much good in it.

(In Islam women have no obligation or cannot be forced to have relations)(On the other hand, in Judaism and Christianity, according to Genesis 38:8, women must have relations with her husband’s brother; and according to Deuteronomy 22:28-29, if a man rapes a girl, he must marry her forever and can never divorce. So, this could rather punish the victim, and the rapist would go unpunished)(Allah knows best)

33:50 O Prophet, Indeed, We have made lawful to you your wives to whom you have given their bridal money and those whom you rightfully possess from what Allah has given to you and the daughters of your paternal uncles and the daughters of your paternal aunts and the daughters of your maternal uncles and the daughters of your maternal aunts who emigrated with you and a believing woman if she gives herself to the Prophet, and the Prophet wishes to marry her - only for you, excluding the believers. We certainly, know what We have made obligatory upon them concerning their wives and those whom they rightfully possess, that there should be no discomfort upon you. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

2:232 And when you divorce women and they reach their term, then do not hinder them from marrying their husbands if they agree between themselves in a fair manner. This is an admonition for whoever among you believes in Allah and the Last Day; this is more virtuous and purer for you. And Allah knows and you do not know.

4:25 And whoever among you is not able to marry free chaste believing women, then from those whom your right hands possess of believing girls. And Allah knows all about your faith. You are of one another. So marry them with the permission of their family and give them their bridal due in a fair manner. Chaste, not committing immorality and not taking secret lovers. Then if after marriage they commit adultery, then their punishment is half of that which is for free chaste women. That is for whoever among you who fears committing sin, and to be patient is better for you. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

(Besides giving herself, you marry her with the permission of her family, so she can be protected / supported in her decision)(Allah knows best)

2:231 And when you divorce women and they reach their term, then either retain them in a fair manner or release them in a fair manner. And do not retain them to hurt them so that you transgress. And whoever does that, then indeed, he wrongs himself. And do not take the Verses of Allah in jest, and remember the Favors of Allah upon you and what is revealed to you of the Book and the wisdom by which He instructs you. And fear Allah and know that Allah is All-Knower of everything.

(Women can divorce in Islam. So, they are not even forced to stay married after marriage. On the other hand, they cannot divorce in Christianity (Matthew 5:32). So, she could be oppressed or abused by her husband)(Allah knows best)

33:28 O Prophet, say to your wives, "If you desire the life of the world and its adornment, then come, I will provide for you and release you with a good release.

2:229 Divorce is twice. Then retain in a reasonable manner or release with kindness. And it is not lawful for you to take back whatever you have given them, except if both fear that they can’t keep the limits of Allah. But if you fear that they can’t keep the limits of Allah, then there is no sin on both of them in what she ransoms concerning it. These are the limits of Allah, so do not transgress them. And whoever transgresses the limits of Allah then those - they are the wrongdoers.

65:6 Lodge them where you dwell, out of your means and do not harm them to distress them. And if they are pregnant, then spend on them until they deliver their burden. Then if they suckle for you, then give them their payment and consult among yourselves with kindness, but if you disagree, then another may suckle.

24:33 And let those who do not find marriage be chaste/refrain until Allah enriches them of His Bounty. And those who seek (yabtaghuna) the writing from among whom your right hands possess, give them the writing if you know any good in them, and give them from the wealth of Allah, which He has given you. And do not compel your slave girls to prostitution (l-bighai), if they desire (aradna) chastity, to seek temporary gain of the life of the world. And whoever compels them, then indeed, Allah is, after their compulsion, Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

(In regard to “do not compel your slave girls to prostitution (l-bighai), if they desire chastity”, there are two words in Verse 24:33 using the same root, “l-bighai” (prostitution) and “yabtaghu” (seek): “those who seek (yabtaghuna) the writing from among whom your right hands possess” (24:33). The root of these two words is “Ba-Ghayn-Ya” (sought for or after, desired, etc.). In short, “prostitution” can be interpreted as “seeking / desiring”; so, according to the context of the Verse, you cannot compel them in regard to seeking / desiring a husband, if they want to remain chaste. So, compelling them to “get married” if she desires to be chaste is called “prostitution”. But “prostitution” understood as “act of offering sexual services for a fee”, is forbidden in Islam; it is forbidden even if she willingly wants to do it, because it is fornication / adultery. So, the mention of “prostitution” in Verse 24:33 is understood as compelling them to seeking / desiring a husband, while they don’t desire it; on the other hand, offering sexual services for a fee is a matter forbidden)(The root of “arad” is “Ra-Waw-Dal”, and it means “to seek, search, desire, etc.”)(Allah knows best)

See also: Is it allowed in Islam to have relations with maids/slaves without marrying? Is adultery permitted? Are sex slaves allowed in Islam?

See also: Does Islam support pedophilia or child marriages? Did Prophet Muhammad marry a 6 year old?

See also: Can a Muslim man or woman marry a Non-Muslim?

See also: Can you marry a married man or woman?

See also: Does Islam oppress women?

See also: Does women have the obligation or can be forced to have relations with her husband’s brother, as in Judaism and Christianity?

See also: Root Dictionary of the Holy Qur’an (Index)

No comments:

Post a Comment